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Subject: Song of the Day/Studio Tricks


Well hello fellow D.. um, I mean, New Led-Zeppelin Mailing Lister's! What began as a joke has turned into something serious and we thought we would share it with you all. One evening Mr. Bill O'Neil and I were kidding around about the possible dangers of combining his Studio Tricks series and my song of the day and how it would fry the system at wherever the new list would be calling home, since we both post rather lengthy discussions on the topic of Led-Zeppelin's wonderful music. Then, next thing I know Bill approaches me seriously about it and I thought it sounded like fun, so here we are. I thought of creating a new name for this, but somehow the "Trick Of The Day" seemed a bit risky, as the FBI would surely assume we were selling prostitution over the internet and close us down. So, rather fittingly, you are stuck with a lenghty name. Of course the post will be lengthy too, so don't say we didn't warn you. This is something we will probably only do once a month or so, and we are hoping it proves fun and informative reading for all Zeppelin fans. It is with great pleasure that we give you this song from the Coda album, track two, clocking in at 3:03, "Poor Tom."


Mr. John Bonham kicks this one off with a cool shuffle. Always steady and yet always so creative in his playing, it is the broad scope of Zeppelin's music that brings out all the subtle differences in the abilities that John possessed. Never content to play it safe, he was always throwing in some neat fill, an awesome off beat lick, or a truly awe inspiring groove that no other drummer has come close to matching since his demise. To say that Bonham was largely responsible for the sound that was Led Zeppelin would be a major understatement. Here he plays a very repetitive shuffle but it never sounds repetitive. Everything he played kept the listeners attention and always kept pushing the song and the band forward.


Robert enters with the vocals about "Tom", a guy who couldn't seem to catch a break. The lyrics sound like an old tale and perhaps they were inspired by something Robert had read or heard. "Tom" spends his life working just to get to the point to where he can relax and enjoy all the fruits of his efforts, but ends up losing it all when he shoots his unfaithful wife. A sad story to say the least, but that isn't really reflected in the groove of the music, which is actually upbeat.


The guitar part here is sparse and cool. Jimmy plays some very pretty acoustic lines, however this is not a Jimmy Page original! Any Zeppelin fan knows the stories about "Dazed and Confused", "Bron-Yr-Aur Stomp", and "Black Mountain Side", the latter two of which are direct lifts from Bert Jansch tunes. But I don't recall ever hearing anyone singling out "Poor Tom." About five or six years ago a friend played me a CD by an English guitarist named Tony Rice that featured, as the lead track, the same identical music as "Poor Tom." There were no lyrics, it was purely an instrumental, and it was titled something different, but it was "Poor Tom" note for note. The CD listed the recording as being from the sixties, so it wasn't merely Tony Rice covering a Zeppelin song.


One note of interest is that this song, both by Jimmy and Tony Rice, are in the "C6" tuning that Jimmy employs on "Bron-Y-Aur", the gorgeous instrumental from the "Physical Graffiti" album, as well as "Friends" from the third album. The tuning is, from low to high, C-A-C-G-C-E.


"Poor Tom" was never performed live by Led Zeppelin though I feel it would have been a great addition to the 1977 acoustic set. This was also one of the numbers that emerged from Jimmy and Robert's visit to the Welsh cottage Bron-Y-Aur, which preceded the recording of the third album. A fun song, a good song to drive down the highway to, just don't get too caught up in the dreariness of the lyrics.


Led Zeppelin were capable of producing such a wide variety of moods and emotions, and their fondness for acoustic based songs is reflected throughout their collective work. It was this appreciation for, and knowing how to best utilize, the acoustic instrument that set them apart from any of their contemporaries.


Page and the engineers he hired to work on Zeppelin's recordings were very adept at capturing acoustic instruments. Here, on "Poor Tom," we have acoustic drums, acoustic guitars, acoustic voices, acoustic harmonicas... hardly an electric instrument in sight. JPJ's spare (and very cool) bass line is played on an electric, but we can cut him some slack, right?


Scrutinizing this song for "tricks," I was somewhat surprised to realize that there is but one guitar track throughout. It sounds so huge! Page is playing a 12-string, which adds some nice sparkle to the sound, and it seems that he's applied some reverse reverb to make the guitar shimmer. A 12-string, for those who don't know, has three additional strings tuned an octave higher (for the lowest three strings) and three additional strings tuned unison (for the three highest strings). You can see how a 12-String is put together in the TSRS video, during TSRS, TRS, or STH. These "secondary" strings are never exactly in tune, so they lend a shimmery sound to the guitar similar to the shimmer produced by an electronic effect called "chorus." It's difficult to tell how the guitar was recorded, but notice how the notes seem to "bounce"? Page was likely in a fairly "live" room, perhaps one with a wooden floor and little sound absorption on the walls. At least two microphones were employed, one (or more) placed close to Page to capture articulation and one (or more) close to the walls or floor to capture ambiance.


Towards the end of the song, we are treated to two tracks of harmonica. One, which comes from the left channel, drones as would a bagpipe, and is rather clean; it was probably recorded directly into a mike. The other harmonica track, which comes from the center of the stereo field, plays higher-pitched jabs and whistles which are comparatively drenched in reverb. This second track sounds as though it was recorded through a mildy overdriven guitar amp. Notice how the two tracks come together during the last four bars to double one another. At this point, the reverb disappears. This technique of using variable amounts of reverb on different tracks of the same instrument is a Page hallmark.


"Poor Tom" was recorded in 1970. Something that has always struck me about this song is its remarkably "clean" sound relative to that of the other acoustic songs recorded during the Zep III sessions. Notice how Bonham's drums are both fatter and more crystaline? Notice how the guitars shimmer more, and the vocals cut better? The acoustic tracks that appeared on Zep III were mixed in 1970, whereas "Poor Tom" was mixed 12 years later at Page's Sol Studios. In 1982, Page had at his disposal more sophisticated EQ and a better understanding of how to use it. Additionally, "Poor Tom" was mastered along with the other tracks included on Coda. "Mastering" is a final process applied to finished stereo mixes in which the overall EQ, compression, fades and so on are adjusted so each track sounds like it belongs with the others. Coda is a great example of what mastering is; these eight songs were recorded in at least five different sessions, yet they all sound as though they belong together.




Till next time...


Rock On,


Bill and Jeff
Maker's Mark and the Song of the Day:
Two great tastes that taste great together.


Rick's Cool Collectibles

Rick's Cool Collectibles is a memorabilia mail order company serving collectors worldwide! Since 1979 the name Rick Barrett has been associated with quality collectibles including rare concert & event tickets and stubs, Led Zeppelin memorabilia, select music & sports memorabilia, stamps, coins, old postcards, and more!

This Month in
Led Zeppelin History

January 09, 1944 - James Patrick Page was born in Heston, Middlesex
January 03, 1946 - John Baldwin was born in Sidcup, Kent
January 02, 1946 - Led Zeppelin Tour Manager Richard Cole was born in Kensal Rise, London, England
January 05, 1967 - Jimmy Page begins recording Little Games with The Yardbirds at De Lane Lea Studios in London.
January 17, 1969 - Led Zeppelin released in the US
January xx, 1970 - Led Zeppelin now play without support acts in order to perform longer sets
January 09, 1970 - Royal Albert Hall gig filmed and recorded for documentary that is eventually scraped. (But was recalled for 2003’s DVD)
January xx, 1971 - Recording continues at Headley Grange
January xx, 1972 - Page has a studio built into his home
January 02, 1973 - Plant’s car breaks down and Bonham and he barely make the Sheffield City Hall gig
January 22, 1973 - Led Zeppelin record a live gig at Southampton University
January xx, 1974 - Recording Physical Graffiti at Headley Grange
January xx, 1974 - The band resigns with Atlantic and forms their own label
January 03, 1975 - Jimmy breaks a finger at Victoria Station just a week before the European warm up shows
January 17, 1975 - The band rehearses in Minneapolis for the upcoming US tour. Bootleg "Johnny Kidd And The Pirates" evolves out of this rehearsal
January xx, 1976 - Jimmy contemplates the release of The Song Remains The Same film but, continues work on the soundtrack
January 01, 1976 - In Paris, Robert takes his first unaided steps since his car accident
January xx, 1977 - Rehearsals for US tour take place at Manticore Studios in Fulham
January 24, 1977 - Bonham and Plant watch The Damned perform at the Roxy in London
January xx, 1978 - Media still claims Led Zeppelin have broke up
January 21, 1979 - Robert Plant is now proud father to son Logan Romero
January xx, 1980 - Zeppelin donate Candy Store Rock to a benefit album to benefit children
January 31, 1995 - Jimmy Page escaped being knifed when a fan rushed the stage at a Page and Plant gig at Auburn Hills, Michigan. The fan was stopped by two security guards, who he knifed instead. After his arrest, he told police that he wanted to kill Jimmy Page because of the Satanic music he was playing.
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