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Led Zeppelin: The Making Of Their Legendary Third Album

Record Collector Christmas 2010

The Christmas 2010 Issue of Record Collector has an excellent article on Led Zeppelin and the making of their legendary third album. Although Led Zeppelin III was released on October 5, 1970 in the US and had certified Gold status three days later, the seeds for this memorable album were planted more than a year earlier.

Led Zeppelin was released at the beginning of 1969 and Led Zeppelin II was released a mere ten months later on the coattails of the success of the first album. There was a definite Led Zeppelin mania going on in the United States. Led Zeppelin had virtually been on the road non-stop for the last year, with five tours in America and six in Europe and England. The last date of the tour in the US on April 19, 1970 in Las Vegas, Nevada had to be cancelled because Robert Plant had collapsed at the previous night’s performance, due to exhaustion. The band needed a break.

Robert Plant had suggested a place to retreat to - South Snowdonia. His family had taken holiday in nearby Llynfant Valley in the 1950s and he was very enchanted by the remoteness of the area and the stories of English folk lore that were told. Robert, Jimmy, Robert’s with Maureen and daughter Carmen, Charlotte Martin, Jimmy’s girlfriend, along with roadies Clive Coulson and Sandy MacGregor travelled up to Bron-Yr-Aur, a small derelict cottage, atop a small hill, two miles from Machynlleth, Powys, Wales, in May 1970. There was no running water, no electricity, no phones, just the perfect place to bring a couple of acoustic guitars and a tape recorder and record some new music.

Although the actual recording for Led Zeppelin III was done a month later at Headley Grange, East Hampshire, England, the beginnings of many of Led Zeppelin’s songs had their beginnings at Bron-Yr-Aur, including Friends, Bron-Y-Aur Stomp, That’s The Way, Over The Hills And Far Away, The Crunge, The Rover, Bron-Yr-Aur, Down By The Seaside and Poor Tom. Additional recording was done in Olympic Studios and Island Studios, back in London, England in June and July 1970.

At the end of June 1970, they had a one-off performance in Reykjavik, Iceland, as part of a culural exchange visit organized by the British Government. The following weekend, Led Zeppelin headlined the Bath Festival of Blues & Progressive Music. They took the stage at sunset, upon Peter Grant’s insistence, which was at approximately 8:30PM. This performance was unarguably one of their most important of their career to date. It both opened the eyes to the British fans and those who had initially snubbed them in the past 18 months, as well as premiering their acoustic dynamic.

The Boy Next Door (a.k.a. That’s The Way) was given quick and polite applause. This was most certainly a shock to the audience who was expecting another Whole Lotta Love or How Many More Times. The only new material the public had heard what eventually would make it on Led Zeppelin III was Since I’ve Been Loving You, but the lyrics has changed, so anything was new to them.

Likewise, the press was shocked. They said things like “LED ZEPPELIN GO ACOUSTIC”, “THIS ISN’T LED ZEPPELIN II” and “THIS CHANGE IS THE END OF LED ZEPPELIN”. All of this is laughable since three songs on the first album were acoustic, as well as portions of two songs on the second album. All that this was cement the fact that Led Zeppelin was so much more than just an electric and distorted band and it would go on to be a part of Robert Plant’s solo career, even up to the present date.

Led Zeppelin: The Making of their Legendary Third Album does a superb job of chronicling this time period from October 1969 through December 1970, exploring every facet of Led Zeppelin, from the live experience to the period of recording to the critics’ and fans’ reactions and everything in-between.

Also including in this issue of Record Collector is a small article on the cover design of Led Zeppelin III by artist Zacron, a look into the influences of Led Zeppelin that led to their acoustic interests, an article on bootleg recordings of this time period, a track-by-track listing of the songs that made it onto Led Zeppelin III and those that did not as well as a Rare Pressings Guide to the LPs of Led Zeppelin III that were released throughout the world.

As an added bonus, if you skim toward the end of the magazine, in the Digging For Gold section, you will find an article on an alternate pressing of Physical Graffiti, Led Zeppelin’s sixth studio album, that was discovered in the possession of legendary collection Ken Barnes. It contained several different images in the die-cut windows of the album cover. This article tells the story of that experience.

Record Collector Issue #383 Christmas 2010 is currently on newsstands and available for purchase on their website.

Jeff Strawman
December 7, 2010

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This Month in
Led Zeppelin History


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January 09, 1944 - James Patrick Page was born in Heston, Middlesex
January 03, 1946 - John Baldwin was born in Sidcup, Kent
January 02, 1946 - Led Zeppelin Tour Manager Richard Cole was born in Kensal Rise, London, England
January 05, 1967 - Jimmy Page begins recording Little Games with The Yardbirds at De Lane Lea Studios in London.
January 17, 1969 - Led Zeppelin released in the US
January xx, 1970 - Led Zeppelin now play without support acts in order to perform longer sets
January 09, 1970 - Royal Albert Hall gig filmed and recorded for documentary that is eventually scraped. (But was recalled for 2003’s DVD)
January xx, 1971 - Recording continues at Headley Grange
January xx, 1972 - Page has a studio built into his home
January 02, 1973 - Plant’s car breaks down and Bonham and he barely make the Sheffield City Hall gig
January 22, 1973 - Led Zeppelin record a live gig at Southampton University
January xx, 1974 - Recording Physical Graffiti at Headley Grange
January xx, 1974 - The band resigns with Atlantic and forms their own label
January 03, 1975 - Jimmy breaks a finger at Victoria Station just a week before the European warm up shows
January 17, 1975 - The band rehearses in Minneapolis for the upcoming US tour. Bootleg "Johnny Kidd And The Pirates" evolves out of this rehearsal
January xx, 1976 - Jimmy contemplates the release of The Song Remains The Same film but, continues work on the soundtrack
January 01, 1976 - In Paris, Robert takes his first unaided steps since his car accident
January xx, 1977 - Rehearsals for US tour take place at Manticore Studios in Fulham
January 24, 1977 - Bonham and Plant watch The Damned perform at the Roxy in London
January xx, 1978 - Media still claims Led Zeppelin have broke up
January 21, 1979 - Robert Plant is now proud father to son Logan Romero
January xx, 1980 - Zeppelin donate Candy Store Rock to a benefit album to benefit children
January 31, 1995 - Jimmy Page escaped being knifed when a fan rushed the stage at a Page and Plant gig at Auburn Hills, Michigan. The fan was stopped by two security guards, who he knifed instead. After his arrest, he told police that he wanted to kill Jimmy Page because of the Satanic music he was playing.
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